PARALISIS BRAQUIAL OBSTETRICA PDF

Acromion: ensanchado; crece hacia abajo, adelante y afuera. Coracoides: gruesa y alargada. Cubito: incurvado en sentido posterior. Tipo brazo inferior, Klumpke Se lesionan el tronco inferior o los ramos ventrales de los segmentos C8 y TI. Suelen ser lesiones preganglionares.

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T1 - Presentaciones clinicas, diagnostico diferencial y manejo de la paralisis braquial obstetrica AU - Alfonso, I. The brachial plexus originates from C5 to T1 spinal segments. The brachial plexus includes the ventral ramus, trunks, divisions, cords and branches. Development and conclusions. Brachial plexus injuries produce clinical syndromes.

The Duchenne-Erb syndrome is the most frequent presentation of obstetric brachial plexus injury. The differential diagnosis of brachial plexus palsy include decreased arm movements due to pain, or weakness caused by a lesion of the nervous system outside in the brachial plexus, or by a lesion in the brachial plexus due to non-obstetrical causes. Management of these patients initially includes considering the possibility of clavicular and humeral fractures and posterior subluxation of the shoulder; and subsequently considering the possibilities of subscapularis muscle contraction or posterior shoulder subluxation in patients that develop internal rotation contracture of the shoulder; or flexion, pronation or supination contracture in patients with forearm deformation.

Treatment consist of physical therapy, administration of botulinum toxin, electrical stimulation, neurolysis, nervatization, removal of neuromas and nerve grafting, treatment of fractures and subluxation, release of muscle contracture and tendon transplantation.

AB - Introduction. KW - Brachial plexus palsy.

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