I missed stickup quite a bit. What I really missed was the excitement of sticking up and the planning and the getting away with it. By the time he was 34, he had spent more than 14 years behind bars and was crippled for life from a police shooting. Yet he persisted, committing at least one robbery even after confinement to his wheelchair.
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It goes , as it comes…. It is intended as a corrective to materialistic, positivistic, and deterministic criminology read Merton which has neglected foreground for the sake of background.
Reflective actors are always engaged in practical projects of transcending everyday reality in consciousness, but are limited by the embodiment of their senses. Like many other labeling theorists, Katz draws his data from autobiographies, biographies, and ethnographies, and there is a distinct tendency to avoid legalistic terminology. Hot-blooded murder, for example, is described by Katz in terms of a triad of conditions: interpretive, emotional, and practical. Interpretive conditions include defense of morality, the role of a teasing or daring victim, the role of a supportive audience, and the role of alcohol in casual settings of last resort e.
Emotional conditions involve a process of transcending humiliation with rage via the steppingstone of righteousness. Humiliation is also a key term for analyzing other types of crime. Foreground is defined as individual consciousness and associated mental processes p.
Emotional conditions involve transcending uncontrollable feelings of thrill. The resonating of these metaphors makes the seduction irresistibly compelling.
Gang violence requires learning to be a badass by projecting symbols of impenetrability, which Katz relates to the hardness of male phallic imagery.
He feels that gang behavior requires a commitment to firmness of purpose so that other have to make the calculations of costs and benefits. Katz relates this to the way nations escalate war. Interpretive conditions involve posturing in the form of medieval elites. Stickup men also develop a sense of competence at superior perceptual ability in exploiting contextual weaknesses in a target, be it victim or architecture and claim a special morality about this..
The desire to seek continuous action e. They do this by remaining open to all spontaneous opportunities, maintaining permeable boundaries for associates, and reckless, superfast spending with the proceeds from crime.
Katz admits his description of the hardman is just one version of the hustler prototype. The main problem for criminals is the transcendence of chaos which exists as an ongoing project. Chaos is the master dialectic, acting as both resource and barrier to action.
Caught up in a lifestyle of frequent intoxication, compounded lies, jealous lovers, and being a constant target for ripoffs and a regular suspect for police, the arrest, or more final end to the project, almost comes as a relief.
Imposing discipline often means the humiliation and physical abuse of women and children. Research on childhood socialization Lever is cited to suggest that the main effect of being male is preparation for a life of pretensions.
Crime emerges in the process of establishing a gendered, ethnic identity. Cold-blooded murder involves coping with the dizziness, or dis-ease, of an immoral career. Interpretive conditions return to the idea of crime as ritual sacrifice and criminals as priestly servants. Cold-blooded killers are seen as believing in a primitive god of devastation whose sacredness must be experienced by negativity, or doing evil.
Ritualism is for Katz what sadism is in more traditional explanations of crime. Share this:.
Katz’ Moral Seduction Theory- Criminal Behaviour