Sajar Figure, shows an innage tape and bob. Hydrometer, graduated scale, API 69 to 81 range mm long, 14 mm diameter, with diameter. This settling puts stress on the tank structure and pipes. Maintenance requirements of line handling equipment include the following.
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Shakajas Maintenance requirements of line handling equipment include the following. There should no paste left on the portion of the bob that was in the water or the paste should be discolored. Less than 10 feet 1 Middle of Product. The sample types are given below. Emergency repairs are also necessary to mend the structural damage caused by moving vessels, ice, petroleum spills, and high waves.
Innage is the depth of the product from its surface to the tank bottom or datum plate. Record the reading on the tape at the reference point as the tape reading. The tip of the bob is the zero point of the and bob. Also, an informal record log must be maintained for all samples sent to the petroleum laboratory. Review the last innage gage sheet posted to determine expected product level before gaging a tank.
They are used to measure petroleum in fixed fj tanks. Hangers and tiedowns as shown in Figure are used to attach pipelines to bridges and trestles. An average of these readings gives the true product temperature. Concepts and Equipment of Petroleum Operations FM Before using any petroleum tank or tank vehicle, the interior of the tank for serviceability. Like the pipelines suspended under piers, submarine pipelines are especially prone to corrosion and damage from the ocean.
See Chapter 12 for details on cleaning petroleum tanks. Entries on the sample tag should be typewritten or in pencil. When the sample is from a packaged product, all markings on the container should be copied on the sample tag.
The types of tape and bob are innage and outage. Lower the yardstick into the drum to get a wet-inch-depth reading. If the depth of the water is greater than the length of the innage bob, use a water gage bar Figure to measure the water in the tank. Concepts and Equipment of Petroleum Operations FM by Army, Department of the The marker buoys for submarine pipelines and the chains used to lift the lines off the ocean floor should be serviced the vm as for the markers and chains of the mooring facilities.
Marine loading arms Chapter 4 are being used instead of hoses and hose-handling equipment at many waterfront facilities. As a rule, liquid samples should be 1 gallon and semisolid samples should be 5 pounds. Each leg of a multileg mooring facility is made up of a marker buoy, sinker, anchor, and chain.
Record the water cut as a water innage or outage. Lower the tape slowly until the bottom of the bob is 2 to 3 inches below the surface of product. To maintain the grounds, follow these steps.
A multileg mooring facility Figure is used to anchor a tanker in position offshore during a fuel transfer. This destroys the grade inside the firewalls so that runoff water flows to —1 tank instead of from it.
DA Form Innage gage sheet Using innage tape and bob. This applies to all facilities, whether permanent, semipermanent, or temporary. The angle is attached at the zero mark on the gage stick. It weighs 22 pounds. When using the stick, make sure to lower it vertically into the tank as shown in Figurepagestep A. Repairs to structures such as piers and pilings cannot be done by organizational maintenance personnel. Hose, rubber, gasoline, with reusable , low temperature MIL-H, latest revision 6.
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All the metal structures and pipelines on piers should be grounded. Concepts and Equipment of Petroleum Operations FM During testing, look for leaks, bulges, and distortions in the hose. The mounds of earth that cover underground tanks and the earthen firewalls Figure which are built around aboveground tanks in tactical areas are subject to erosion. Under any conditions, fire prevention, integrity of firewalls, safety, security, and environmental protection stewardship must be considered in all petroleum installation maintenance procedures and policies. Every effort must be made to ensure these rules and time schedules are followed, both to the letter, and the spirit of their intent. Innage and outage, are the two basic ways of measuring bulk petroleum.
Shakajas Maintenance requirements of line handling equipment include the following. There should no paste left on the portion of the bob that was in the water or the paste should be discolored. Less than 10 feet 1 Middle of Product. The sample types are given below. Emergency repairs are also necessary to mend the structural damage caused by moving vessels, ice, petroleum spills, and high waves. Innage is the depth of the product from its surface to the tank bottom or datum plate.