Erdman DS, Common names of fishes in Puerto Rico. Evermann BW, Fishes and Fisheries of Porto Rico.
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Glossary Atlantic Ocean the body of water between Africa, Europe, the southern ocean above 60 degrees south latitude , and the western hemisphere. It is the second largest ocean in the world after the Pacific Ocean. Nearctic living in the Nearctic biogeographic province, the northern part of the New World. This includes Greenland, the Canadian Arctic islands, and all of the North American as far south as the highlands of central Mexico. Neotropical living in the southern part of the New World.
In other words, Central and South America. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. Ecotourism implies that there are existing programs that profit from the appreciation of natural areas or animals. Coral reefs are found in warm, shallow oceans with low nutrient availability. They form the basis for rich communities of other invertebrates, plants, fish, and protists. The polyps live only on the reef surface.
Because they depend on symbiotic photosynthetic algae, zooxanthellae, they cannot live where light does not penetrate.
Geographical Distribution World distribution map for the Nassau grouper The Nassau grouper is found throughout the tropical western Atlantic Ocean, including Bermuda, Florida, Bahamas, and throughout the Caribbean Sea, south to Brazil. Habitat This grouper is common on offshore rocky bottoms and coral reefs throughout the Caribbean region. They occur at a depth range extending to at least feet 90 m , preferring to rest near or close to the bottom. Juveniles are found closer to shore in seagrass beds that offer a suitable nursery habitat.
Description[ edit ] A Nassau grouper, E. It has a thick body and large mouth, which it uses to "inhale" prey. Superimposed on this base color are a number of lighter stripes, darker spots, bars, and patterns, including black spots below and behind the eye, and a forked stripe on the top of the head. Distribution and habitat[ edit ] The Nassau grouper lives in the sea near reefs ; it is one of the largest fish to be found around coral reefs.