London: — CCD. The story of his downfall is soon told; his belief in the Divine Right of Kings and apparent Catholic sympathies led to unpopularity with the people and Parliament, the ultimate result of which was Civil War from In he was imprisoned and refused to give in to the demands of his captors for a constitutional monarchy, and when Oliver Cromwell took control of the country in , his fate was sealed. Whoever the author, Eikon Basilike The Royal Portrait was immensely popular, and appeared in many editions by the end of the year. The Library holds over fifty copies of the text, in various languages, most of which are gathered together at the classmark CCA-E. It is now generally agreed that Gauden is likely to have compiled the text using some authentic writings of the King as a foundation.
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London: — CCD. The story of his downfall is soon told; his belief in the Divine Right of Kings and apparent Catholic sympathies led to unpopularity with the people and Parliament, the ultimate result of which was Civil War from In he was imprisoned and refused to give in to the demands of his captors for a constitutional monarchy, and when Oliver Cromwell took control of the country in , his fate was sealed.
Whoever the author, Eikon Basilike The Royal Portrait was immensely popular, and appeared in many editions by the end of the year. The Library holds over fifty copies of the text, in various languages, most of which are gathered together at the classmark CCA-E.
It is now generally agreed that Gauden is likely to have compiled the text using some authentic writings of the King as a foundation.
The majority of the collection fifty nine volumes was given to the Library by Francis Falconer Madan over a period of more than three decades, between and The younger Madan was the author of what remains the most extensive study of the Eikon, based on his own collection begun by his father and published by the Oxford Bibliographical Society in The text was suppressed by Parliament, so it was illegal for printers to print it and for booksellers to sell it.
Given the secrecy with which copies of the text had to be produced, establishing the order in which the various editions appeared and by whom they were printed is not an easy task.
Consequently the identification of printers with particular anonymous editions has often been achieved by comparing their decorative initials and type with those of known printers of the day. Many copies are pocket-sized, which allowed them to be easily concealed by their owners. Editions also appeared in Latin, French, German and Dutch. There are further copies of the text scattered throughout the library in other distinct collections, including the Royal Library the collection of Bishop John Moore, presented by King George I in , the library of Sir Geoffrey Keynes acquired in and that of the Rousseau scholar R.
Leigh acquired between and Transcribed into the back of this copy CCD. Solly wrote a short article on the Eikon, published in the Bibliographer in , but his hopes of compiling a more detailed study were cut short by his death three years later. Several volumes in our collection once belonged to Charles Edward Doble , Assistant Secretary to the Oxford University Press, and two contain the bookplate of Edward Almack himself. After training to be a barrister, then turning to medicine, he became an Egyptologist and left some of his rare books to the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge.
His papers are in the University Library. A number of the volumes were owned by women. The sombre binding rear board of CCE. This binding is a mere mm tall. Interestingly, two copies of the same edition CCC.
This collection, largely the gift of F. Madan, is a resource of immeasurable wealth for those interested in the Eikon.
The large number of different editions in one library allows one to study and understand the way in which the various editions were produced, and copy-specific features including bindings, bookplates and annotations allow one to find out how the books were used, received and thought of by readers from the seventeenth century through to the twentieth.
Footnotes  See pp. III, The first edition is in three issues, and it is suggested that the first was an advance copy, the second was sold by hawkers and the third was the first to appear in the shops. The edition has not been ascertained, but it is clearly early sixteenth century, and from a relatively large volume there are two columns to a page, each being 89mm wide, not including printed marginalia.
Charles I and the Eikon Basilike
Eikon Basilike I. It is bound in full gilt-ruled 18th century english calf, with the spie divided into five compartments by four raised bands, with leaf edges red speckled and board edges blind tooled. Externally the boards and spine are lightly scuffed in general, with some splits showing at the tail of both hinges, and the head of the front hinge, with chipping at the head of the spine and the board corners bumped. Internally the leaves are generally clean and well margined, with notable tears to the errata leaf and to the plate, with general mild toning and occasional marginal foxing, with some small marginal tears otherwise. The argument is that Gauden had prepared the book to inspire sympathy with the king by a representation of his pious and forgiving disposition, and so to rouse public opinion against his execution. Gauden stated that he had begun the book in and was entirely responsible for it. The internal evidence has, as is usual in such cases, been brought forward as a conclusive argument in favor of both contentions.
Eikon Basilike ou décentrer pour préserver
They had five children, four sons and a daughter. He seems to have remained at Oxford until , when he became vicar of Chippenham. His sympathies were at first with the parliamentary party. In he was appointed to the rural deanery of Bocking. Apparently his views changed as the revolutionary tendency of the Presbyterian party became more pronounced, for in he addressed to Lord Fairfax A Religious and Loyal Protestation Under the Commonwealth he faced both ways, keeping his ecclesiastical preferment, but publishing from time to time pamphlets on behalf of the Church of England. Whilst in Bocking he met William Juniper , the "Gosfield Seer" whom he first dismissed as a harmless fool.
Bernini , seeing this picture, called it "the portrait of a doomed man". It is by no means certain that Charles wrote the book. After the Restoration , John Gauden , bishop of Worcester , claimed to have written it. Jeremy Taylor is also said to have had a hand in its revision, and to be the source of its title; an earlier draft bore the name Suspiria Regalia, the "Royal Sighs". The end result is an image of a steadfast monarch who, while admitting his weaknesses, declares the truth of his religious principles and the purity of his political motives, while trusting in God despite adversity.
Eikon Basilike, 1648
En effet, Charles se pose comme seul auteur de ce texte. Pourtant on peut aussi y voir une forme de re-centrement. And when I know what lawful authority, I shall answer. Paradoxalement il est au centre de la salle du tribunal. And sentence upon Saturday last was pronounced against him by this Court, to be put to death by the severing of his head from his body. Of which sentence Execution yet remains to be done 5 ….
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