He arrived at the house of his daughter, took the little baby in his arms, said the Azan and Iqamah in his ears. People around the Prophet saw tears in his eyes. Fatimah asked what was the reason for this, he told her that this boy of hers will achieve martyrdom, but consoled her by adding that God will create a nation who will mourn Husayn till the Day of Judgement. Another famous saying of the Prophet at the same time became synonymous with the name of his grandson Husayn. Husayn is from me and I am from Husayn.
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He arrived at the house of his daughter, took the little baby in his arms, said the Azan and Iqamah in his ears. People around the Prophet saw tears in his eyes. Fatimah asked what was the reason for this, he told her that this boy of hers will achieve martyrdom, but consoled her by adding that God will create a nation who will mourn Husayn till the Day of Judgement.
Another famous saying of the Prophet at the same time became synonymous with the name of his grandson Husayn. Husayn is from me and I am from Husayn. One can explain this Hadith that Husayn, being the grand son of the Prophet was from him biologically. How a grandfather was from his grand son needs to be explained. Prophets of God speak spiritually rather than materially. He was for Islam and his whole life was for Islam and its establishment on earth.
Any break in this mission would subvert this mission which was the purpose of his creation. The message of the Holy Prophet in this saying was that Husayn will, in some near future save this mission from destruction, hence the very purpose of his being will be saved by the sacrifice of his grandson. He was giving the news of a future occurrence. Indeed he was the founder Like his grandfather of the concept of One God.
The Holy Prophet had shown affection and love for his grandson as any grandfather should show,but there was something more positive and profound in this love. Several times when Husayn entered the mosque as a small child the Holy Prophet will put him in his lap and tell his companions that this is Husayn, look at him and remember him. He grew up to be loved by the companions of the Holy Prophet. Whenever Husayn entered the mosque, the Caliph would let him sit beside him and tell the companions to listen to what this young man says.
They all valued his advice even at that young age. His main activity in Madinah was to see that the people there know true Islam. He also managed the Trust set up by his father, to help the poor of the city by giving them food and many necessities of life.
This was the true Islamic Welfare State in progress where every hungry mouth must have food, every naked person must have clothes and a shelter over his head. He has performed Hajj 24 times during this period. He has also travelled to Yemen and most of the southern part of Hejaz and Najd.
It is clear that he did not take any part in any of the expeditions by the Muslim forces under the directions of the three Kholafa. Victors and vanquished were treated the same way. Hazrat Ayesha was returned to Madina under the escort of her brother Muhammad Ibne Abibakr and 40 other men.
She also realized that the true instigator of this battle was Muawiya under whose directions both Talha and Zubair started this whole adventure against the legitimately elected Caliph of Islam.
When he did not succeed in this he began other tactics to do thsame. His bands of soldiers raided many parts of Iraq to burn and loot villages and destroy communities. He was the commander of a garrison of 10, men along with his elder brother Hasan as and Muhammad Hanafiya. Nevertheless they took full part in these battles and fought with great bravery.
This was also over in just one day with total defeat of Khawarij. Both brothers were the chief administrators of this Welfare State where they would seek out those poor adestitute within the state and provide them with the necessities of life. While living with his father in Kufa, Husayn as visited various northern part of the Islamic State. One story goes to say that he visited Azerbaijan and part of Iran of that time. They still have the Trust state which was established by his father and both brothers administered it jointly.
Husayn as visited Makka and performed Hajj 9 times during the life time of his brother. After the martyrdom his brother Hasan as Husayn as took the mantle of Imamate and spiritual guidance of the Ummah.
It is during this period that during one of his journeys to Makka for pilgrimage, his famous Duas Supplication of Arafah became famous. This is a Dua which at the place of Arafat during the Hajj ritual that Imam recited and many pilgrims heard it and instantly memorised it as was the practice of the people of that time.
Imam states the purpose in these words. This kind of complete dependence upon God which is the Hallmark of Islamic teachings, was taught by the Imam to the people of Madinah and Makka, and the whole of Hejaz he visited.. Once a Bedouin asked Imam what is the best thing to do. What if this be not practicable? He then gave whatever money he had with him to fulfill his needs. It was in the month of Rajab 60 Hijri that Moawiya died and his son Yazid succeeded his father on the throne of the Arab Empire with Damascus as its capital.
Leave him where he is and you will have no problems. Yazid realized that although he had full temporal power and is the virtual ruler of the Arab Empire, but he has no spiritual strength unless the grandson of the Prophet accepts him as such. People in Makka and Madinah would still regard Husayn as as their leader if only spiritually. It was dusk and people were getting ready for Maghrib prayers. Imam realized the seriousness of the situation and took his brothers and sons with him. When they arrived at the gate of the palace Imam asked to stay outside and wait and only enter the gates when they hear Imam speak loudly.
After these instructions Imam entered the palace. There was Walid sitting in his high chair with Marwan Ibnul Hakam by his side. Imam replied that this is not the matter which can be done in the solitude of the palace, let this matter be brought before the people of Madinah next day in the mosque of the Prophet.
Imam stood up to leave while Marwan who was listening to this conversation did not like it and warned Walid that if he lets Husayn go he will loose him. Take the oath now or cut his head off as Yazid suggested in his letter. As Imam said these words loudly, his brothers and sons entered the palace and they all left safely. Imam realized after consulting his friends and relatives that the life of peace for them in Madinah was over.
A question is asked sometimes, that why Imam Husayn as had not chosen to come to terms with Yazid as his elder brother, Imam Hasan as had done earlier while dealing with Moawiya. The question does not take into account the difference in the situations of the two brothers. Imam Hasan as had also been installed as the Caliph. Finding that Moawiya had succeeded in,secrertly, sowing the seeds of discord and dissent among the Muslims, and had induced the feeling of great insecurity by undermining the machinery for the maintenance of peace, law and order, Imam Hasan as had deemed it expedient to enter into a treaty with him under which the Imam abdicated in favor of his adversary only the adjuncts of worldly power.
He did not dissociate himself from the spiritual primacy at all and continued to be the spiritual leader and the Imam of the Ummah. Second point which is equally important is that when Yazid enforced his oath of allegiance over the Muslims, he insisted the people must swear allegiance to him which was totally different from the oath of allegiance of Kholafae Rashidoon.
One of the companions of the Prophet in Madinah named Ibn Rabia Al Aswad was prepared to swear allegiance to Yazid in accordance with the old practice but refused to swear allegiance in the form proposed. He was summarily executed. This happened inside the city of Madinah. Where then was there any point in Imam Husayn as trying to make up to Yazid.
This is where Imam Husayn as found himself placed in circumstances which were markedly different from those which confronted his elder brother who had abdicated only his temporal power in favor of Moawiya for the restoration of peace and order on the domain of Islam.
This kind of oath was entirely out of question for Imam Husayn as to accept. When settlement with Yazid being wholly out of question, the only alternative course open to Imam Husayn as was to oppose Yazid to save and protect the values of Islam from further degradation and to protect the faith itself from destructive inroads of pre-Islamic revivalism. He could, however, have entertained no illusions about the kind of support he could hope to enlist for himself in any conflict with Yazid.
The exceedingly unhappy position in which his elder brother had found himself through the treacherous withdrawal of the support given to him in his confrontation with Moawiya, Imam Husayn as therefore thought of entirely new strategy of war with Yazid, for in any case war it had to be.
He built no hopes on numerical strength for the success of his cause which was entirely the cause of Islam and saving Islamic values. Imam, after leaving Madinah in the month of Rajab, stayed in Makka for about 5 months. Imam changed the rituals of Hajj into Umra and decided to leave Makka. The date was 8th of Zilhijja 60 Hijri. When people saw the Imam leaving before completing the Hajj they began to ask questions as to why he was leaving in such a hurry.
Some doubted his motives, saying that he might be leaving Makka for Iraq to confront Yazid and take power into his hands. To quell these doubts he left a letter with his brother Muhammad-e-Hanafiya which clearly states his purpose of leaving Makka. This map has been regarded as a pioneering effort and a land mark in Islamic history.
He met various people and delivered various sermons. What the Imam talked about to these people he met and said in his sermons at various places reflects the true motives he had in his mind. The names of these places Imam passed were mentioned in history books but their exact locations were not traceable in modern geographical maps. After searching in the archives of the British Museum Library a map of 9th Century Hijri was found in which all these names were clearly shown.
The reader will see in the following pages the exact map of Hejaz and Iraq of that time and the exact route the Imam and his Caravan took in 60 Hijiri. There were 14 places in all where the Imam was known to have passed during this journey. The first place was called Saffah. Here the Imam stayed for the night. The next morning when he was preparing to leave for his next Manzil that he met the famous poet Farazdaq who was coming from Iraq and was going to Makka for pilgrimage.
When he learnt that Imam was proceeding for Iraq he tried to persuade him not to go there. The 2nd Manzil was Dhatul - Irq. Here the Imam stayed the night. Abdullah brought his two sons Aun and Muhammad to accompany the Imam. Abdullah also tried to persuade the Imam to postpone his journey and return to Madina. From here the Imam sent a letter to one of his friends in Kufa asking about the situation there.
Qais Ibn Mushahir took the letter for the Imam. He also met Abdullah Ibn Mutee who was also coming from the troubled land of Iraq.
What is this life all about? Imam Husain (as) explains during Hajj at Arafat (2min read)
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. He brought forth the varieties of unprecedented creatures and perfected through His wisdom all He had fashioned. Hidden not from Him are harbingers, nor lost with Him are deposits. He repays every fashioner, feathers the nest of all who are content and has mercy upon all who humble themselves. He sends down benefits and the all-encompassing Book in radiant light.
Story of the Holy Ka’aba And its People