Damuro Decolonization and Indo-China Which groups is he not concerned about? Due to their irreconcilable differences decolonisatiob increased from September to Decemberand both the French and the Viet Minh prepared for the coming conflict. American OSS officers intervened on his behalf and he was released in Thus, Ho began to advocate cooperation with the French. South Vietnam was headed by Bao Dai. This can be seen clearly through the impacts of french colonization on vietnamese politics. In particular the declaration of Independence dedolonisation by Ho Chi Minh in defied the French and its determination to resume control over the region.

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Decolonisation of French Indo-China France also had to cope with demands for independence from its colonies. Emperor Bao Dai was forced to abdicate.

On 23 November , in view of the increasing tensions and in a bid to restore French authority in northern Indo-China, the French Navy bombed the port of Haiphong, claiming some 6 victims.

On 19 December, the Viet Minh launched a counter-attack on the European districts in Hanoi, massacring dozens. Ho Chi Minh went undercover to fight the French. This was the beginning of an eight-year-long war. The French troops set themselves the difficult task of reconquering land held by the Viet Minh and gradually became embroiled in a protracted colonial struggle fought far from French soil that claimed many lives.

To justify this colonial war before the bar of world opinion in general and before the US Administration in particular, France defined it more as a fight against communism than as a colonial war.

From late , the Chinese positioned troops along the Vietnamese border. In response to this threat and with the Korean War beginning in June , the United States declared that it was willing to give material aid to the French war effort by supplying arms. The war in Indo-China was in line with the US policy of containment and became a front line in the struggle against communist expansion. But France was gradually losing its grip in Indo-China. It suffered heavy defeats and military casualties.

After being forced to surrender at the fortress of Dien Bien Phu on 7 May , France realised that it could not continue fighting this costly war far from its shores on the sole ground of anti-communism. The Geneva Accords of 21 July put an end to the conflict and France was obliged to leave the country. Vietnam was divided into two parts: whilst northern Vietnam fell under the communist control of Ho Chi Minh, a nationalist dictatorship took power south of the 17th parallel.

Laos and Cambodia were officially recognised after proclaiming their independence in But unlike France, the United States refused to accept the outcome of the Geneva Conference and remained firmly behind the cause of independence for South Vietnam. Once France had freed itself from the powder keg that was Indo-China, it lost an important part of its colonial prestige, fuelling the independence movements already active in French North Africa.



Telmaran The final act of major aggression by the French colonial government was their approval of the French navy to shell the Viet Minh sections of Haiphong harbour. France also had to cope with demands for independence from its colonies. While Ho Chi Minh was in France increasing violence of the French colonial government against ddcolonisation Viet Minh soured any sort of political solution. The march of folly: Federation of French colonial possessions.


Year 11 Modern History- Case Studies: Decolonisation of Indochina

Key features include: new interpretations of key events and issues, informed by original inquiry and archival research. Comprehensive activities and questions at the end of each chapter. Source-based exercises for readers to practice the skills of historical argument and source analysis. Invaluable tools such as chapter summaries, further reading suggestions and an introduction to key terms. Integrated personal testimonies to enhance understanding. Personality features, including extensive coverage of Ho Chi Minh, detailing his experiences prior to and his contribution to Vietnamese Nationalism.





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