His father Jahangir Mirza was the ruler of a small state. Babar was the eldest son of his father. After the death of his father, Babar sat on the throne. The relatives of Babar put him in difficulties. They took the state by force from Babar. Zaheer Ud Din Babar tried to conquer Samarkand but failed.
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As Humayun had never seen one before, they rushed to find it. There is a break in all known manuscripts between and The account of the decisive First Battle of Panipat in is followed by long descriptions of India, its people, fauna and flora.
Various exciting incidents are recounted and illustrated: Babur jumps off his horse just in time to avoid following it into a river, and when his army has formed its boats into a circle a fish jumps into a boat to escape from a crocodile. The copy seen in the Mughal Library in the s, and presumably used to base the Persian translation on, seems to have been lost.
In South Asia these go back to the Ashokavadana and Harshacharita from ancient India , the medieval Prithviraj Raso , and were continued by the Mughals with the Akbarnama biography , Tuzk-e-Jahangiri or Jahangir-nameh memoirs , and Shahjahannama genre of flattering biographies. Quoting Henry Beveridge , Stanley Lane-Poole writes: His autobiography is one of those priceless records which are for all time, and is fit to rank with the confessions of St.
Augustine and Rousseau , and the memoirs of Gibbon and Newton. In Asia it stands almost alone. The utter frankness of self-revelation, the unconscious portraiture of all his virtues and follies, his obvious truthfulness and a fine sense of honour, give the Memoirs an authority which is equal to their charm.
No reader of this prince of autobiographers can doubt his honesty or his competence as witness and chronicler. In it he explains the social structure and the caste system, the geographical outlines and the recent history; he marvels at such details as the Indian method of counting and time-keeping, the inadequacy of the lighting arrangements, the profusion of Indian craftsmen, or the want of good manners, decent trousers and cool streams; but his main emphasis is on the flora and fauna of the country, which he notes with the care of a born naturalist and describes with the eye of a painter In other parts of the book too he goes into raptures over such images as the changing colors of a flock of geese on the horizon, or of some beautiful leaves on an apple tree.
His progression with all its ups and downs from tiny Ferghana to Hindustan would in itself ensure him a minor place in the league of his great ancestors, Timur and Jenghiz Khan ; but the sensitivity and integrity with which he recorded this personal odyssey, from buccaneer with royal blood in his veins reveling in each adventure to emperor eyeing in fascinated amazement every detail of his prize, gives him an added distinction which very few men of action achieve.
Urdu Book — Baber Nama; Pure His progression with all its ups and downs from tiny Ferghana to Hindustan would in itself ensure him a minor place in the league of his great ancestors, Timur and Jenghiz Khan ; but the sensitivity and integrity with which he recorded this personal odyssey, from buccaneer with royal blood in his veins revelling in each adventure to emperor eyeing in fascinated amazement every detail of his prize, gives him an added distinction which very few men of action achieve. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. In Asia it stands almost alone. Mughal Empire Books about the Babhr Empire Indian autobiographies Medieval Indian literature 16th-century books 16th-century Indian books Political autobiographies Islamic illuminated manuscripts Mughal art Turkic literature Persian-language books. Writing about the time Babur came to India, the historian Bamber Gascoigne comments:. Views Read Edit View history. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green.
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