Those who opt to work for the poor need to rethink their roles; the numbers are overwhelming, the issues complex, and resources very limited. One solution is to use land as a resource to produce housing for the poor, by allowing them access to it to build their homes. A study was conducted of such initiatives, in particular, a case in India: the Aranya Township completed in and considered a model project. Land as a Development Tool In a site and services approach, each family is provided with a small plot and varying levels of services such as: a water tap, storm water drainage, a sewer connection, paved access, street lightening, and so on.
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Those who opt to work for the poor need to rethink their roles; the numbers are overwhelming, the issues complex and the resources are very limited. One solution is to use land as a resource to produce housing for the urban poor, by allowing them access to it to build their homes.
A study was conducted of such initiatives in a casy-study in India: The Aranya Housing Project, completed in and considered a model project.
It had been estimated that approximately 51, families were homeless or living in illegal settlements. The Indore Development Authority initiated an affordable housing project for 60, people that would tackle this issue and at the same time be affordable to the government and urban poor. Previous efforts by the government to provide low-cost urban housing in India were aimed at supplying ready-built units. However, it took too long to construct a complete house and it became expensive for the low income group and also ate up too many resources.
A rectilinear site of 86 hectares was designed to accommodate over dwellings, largely for the Weaker Economic Section. Aranya Township was designed as a site and services project spread laid out in six sectors that converge on a central spine i.
Open spaces and pedestrian pathways intersect and connect the clusters to the central spine. Small diameter shallow piles with poured concrete was used, which made for very inexpensive foundation. The Piles were cross connected at plinth level through concrete beams on which regular load bearing masonry walls rested For Most Income Groups, only a house plot was sold.
The lower-income Groups were given several options that included a site and plinth, a service core and one room, depending on how much they could afford. Owners were free to use any material for the construction and decoration of house. Brick, stone and cement were locally available. Bright Colours in the facades, railings, grills and cornices commonly seen in the old houses of Indore were used in some of the houses.
Internal streets and squares in the Economically Weaker Section were stone paved, reducing their cost and maintenance. Peripheral roads were asphalt paved for heavy traffic Show less earth and climate Edit The Climate of Indore was effectively taken into account and a conducive living environment was achieved in Aranya. Most of the plots were small in and size and the houses were clustered in low rise blocks.
The longer side facade is oriented in the north- south axis to reduct the solar radiations on building especially during summers. The two openings on north and south permit natural light and cross ventilation. Courtyards within houses, cul-de-sacs, public squares and small activity areas are sufficiently shaded by the adjacent buildings. Landscaping and green areas include flowering and shade ginving trees wtih thick green ground cover. Show more.
Post-occupancy study of Aranya Housing Project