Bralkree An instrument to detect hypomania retrospectively would be useful in clinical settings. A cut-off of thirteen had sensitivity of 0. The frequency of each symptom hypomabia and the total HCL score were compared between groups using a t-test. Supporting patients through smoking cessation. In addition, while the HCL is a sensitive instrument for hypomanic symptoms, it does not distinguish between bipolar I and bipolar-II disorders [ citation needed ]. The percentage of people who own htpomania car in China is hhypomania, and this could explain why the frequency of the 7th item drive faster was low in BP Sexual maturation disorder Checkist sexual orientation Sexual relationship disorder Paraphilia Voyeurism Fetishism.
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Existing measures for bipolar disorder focused on identifying personality factors and symptom severity instead of the episodic nature of hypomania or the possible negative consequences in behavioral, affective, or cognitive changes associated. The HCL is a measure intended to have high sensitivity to direct clinicians from many countries to diagnosing individuals in a clinical population with bipolar disorder, specifically bipolar II disorder.
Initially developed by Jules Angst and Thomas Meyer in German, the questionnaire was translated into English and translated back to German to ensure accuracy. The English version of the HCL has been used as the basis for translation in other languages through the same process.
The scale includes a checklist of 32 possible symptoms of hypomania, each rated yes or no. The rating "yes" would mean the symptom is present or this trait is "typical of me," and "no" would mean that the symptom is not present or "not typical" for the person.
Like all questionnaires, the way the instrument is administered can influence the final score. If a patient is asked to fill out the form in front of other people in a clinical environment, for instance, social expectations may elicit a different response compared to administration via a postal survey.
A score of at least 8 items was found valid and reliable for distinguishing Bipolar Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder[ citation needed ]. In addition, while the HCL is a sensitive instrument for hypomanic symptoms, it does not distinguish between bipolar I and bipolar-II disorders[ citation needed ]. The online version of the HCL has been shown to be as reliable as the paper version.
Reducing the Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32) to a 16-item version.
Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32)